Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology

Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology

Biological (genetic and neuroscientific)

Psychopathology is a discipline associated with exploration of abnormal behavior, cognition and any other experiences attributed to social norms. Psychopathology is triggered by multiple factors such as biological factors, lack of social support, chronic medical conditions, stressful experiences, having a family member with mental illness among others. Biological factors are the first major classification that influences psychopathology development. Biological encompasses both neuroscientific and genetic factors. According to Hannigan et al (2017), trait and genetic differences affect the behaviors of different individuals. According to various research that have been conducted, there exist a specific neural substrate that is attributed to the different behavioral processes but the substrate varies from one individual to the other. The intensity of certain neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression can also be determined by the differences in this specific neural substrate. Medical researchers have therefore decided to deeper in their research works to determine whether there exists any connection between certain behaviors, the brains and genes which would help some psychiatric disorders from behaviors.  Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology

Psychological (behavioral and cognitive processes, emotional, developmental)

Development of psychopathological disorders is also thought to be as a result of psychological factors such as behavioral, cognitive, emotional and development factors. The development of an individual’s brain is highly influenced by the surrounding environment. Different environmental conditions influence the rate of brain development after the birth of a child which has an influence on the emotional, cognitive and behavioral changes (Palacios-Barrios & Hanson, 2019). For instance, an exposure to any form of trauma or adversity in any given environment results to a certain group of Psychopathological disorder.  Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology


Social, cultural, and interpersonal factors

There are various psychopathological disorders that can also develop as a result of social, cultural and interpersonal factors. Lack of economic resources in the society has had a great negative influence to the development of these disorders since most people are forced to take responsibilities at a tender age. Researchers have found out that there is a great negative influence to psychological adjustment by low economic status. It is as a result of the stress that originates from poverty that some of these psychopathological disorders develop. There are other various research works that have shown existence of certain psychopathological disorders among certain sexual orientation, gender and migration processes due to the distress that these individuals undergo. Depression is one of the common psychopathological disorder that results to an increased vulnerability among these populations. Negative peer interactions are also interpersonal factors that results to development psychopathology. When an individual encounters harassments and bullying episodes from friends, they may fall at a risk of drug misuse thereby developing psychopathology due to distress (Causadias & Cicchetti, 2018). In matters concerning culture, different people have different backgrounds of origin. Some African cultures for instance believe in cases of evil spirit attacks which makes some people to be mobile during the night. However, when such cases are observed in America and other western cultures, they conclude as being signs of schizophrenia.


Causadias, J. M., & Cicchetti, D. (2018). Cultural development and

psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology30(5), 1549-1555.


Hannigan, L. J., Walaker, N., Waszczuk, M. A., McAdams, T. A., & Eley, T. C. (2017).

Aetiological influences on stability and change in emotional and behavioural problems

across development: a systematic review. Psychopathology review4(1), 52-108.


Palacios-Barrios, E. E., & Hanson, J. L. (2019). Poverty and self-regulation: Connecting

psychosocial processes, neurobiology, and the risk for psychopathology. Comprehensive

            psychiatry90, 52-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.12.012

Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology

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