1. Explain the agonist-to-antagonist spectrum of action of psychopharmacologic agents.
2. Compare and contrast the actions of g couple proteins and ion gated channels.
3. Explain the role of epigenetics in pharmacologic action.
4. Explain how this information may impact the way you prescribe medications to clients. Include a specific example of a situation or case with a client in which the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner must be aware of the medication’s action.
Credible reference material within the last 5 yrs only will be accepted. Sites such as WebMD, epocrates, Mayo Clinic, Rx List, Wikipedia, drugs.com (among others) will not be counted. Planning for Data Collection Essay Paper
Discussion: Planning for Data Collection
Methods or Instruments that Would Work Well for the Scenario
A structured questionnaire would be suitable for measuring patient satisfaction in this scenario. A structured questionnaire will measure the quantitative aspect of patients’ experience (Al-Abri & Amina, 2014). The questions will be designed to generate numerical data for statistical analysis to produce trends, patterns, and associations. The rationale for selecting a structured quantitative questionnaire is that it is suitable for comparatively large samples and provides breadth. In addition, a quantitative questionnaire can be used to provide analyses and comparisons (Beattie et al, 2015). The questionnaire will collect data patient experience measures as well as some condition-specific measures. This will better portray the perception of patients on the process of care as well as healthcare outcomes and other factors that may impact care experience. The questionnaire instrument will have relatively few questions in order to ensure it is easy to use and that patients do not take a long time to complete filling the questions (Spasojevic et al, 2015).
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Questions to Gather Information on Patient Satisfaction
|1. Generally, how would you rate the care provided care?
|Excellent (5), Very Good (4), Good (3), Average (2), Below Average (1)|
|2. How would you rate accessibility to care in our organization||Excellent (5), Very Good (4), Good (3), Average (2), Below Average (1)|
|3. How do you feel about the length of time you spent before care provision in the organization?||Too short (5), Average (4), Long (3), Too long (2)
|4. How would you rate the admission process in the hospital?||Excellent (5), Very Good (4), Good (3), Average (2), Below Average (1)|
|5. How would you rate communication and interactions by the health care providers?||Excellent (5), Very Good (4), Good (3), Average (2), Below Average (1)|
|6. Were you treated with respect by the hospital staff?
|7. How would rate your involvement and family involvement during treatment and care provision process?||Excellent (5), Very Good (4), Good (3), Average (2), Below Average (1)|
|8. How would you rate responsiveness of the staff?||Excellent (5), Very Good (4), Good (3), Average (2), Below Average (1)|
The first question will evaluate the patient perspective on the care provided as well as the healthcare outcomes. This will provide a picture regarding how patients feel about the healthcare services from the organization. The second, third and fourth questions will assess about accessibility and timely provision of healthcare services in the organization. The effect of timely and accessibility of healthcare services in a hospital is incredible and significantly impacts patient retention and their visit in the healthcare organization again (Beattie et al, 2015).
The fifth and sixth questions involve views of patients regarding communication and if they were treated with courtesy and respectfully. The professionalism, courteous staff members and effective communications during care delivery significantly impact patient satisfaction. In addition, the involvement of patients and their families in decision making about their treatment is also important in ensuring patient satisfaction. Lastly, staff responsiveness during care delivery is also essential. For example, the availability of a physician whenever a patient needs them or nurses responding promptly to a call button is associated with high patient satisfaction (Spasojevic et al, 2015). Planning for Data Collection Essay Paper
Appropriate Sample Size
A good sample size is normally approximately 10 percent of the population. The population in this scenario is 10,000 and hence the suitable sample size in this scenario is 1000. 1,000 patients from the organization will provide a representative sample from the patients who are served in the organization annually (Martínez-Mesa et al, 2016).
Random sampling method will be used to select participants for the patient survey. Random sampling will include developing a list of all likely patients that will be surveyed and then choosing a sub-group that provides a true representative of the whole patient population (Martínez-Mesa et al, 2016). Stratified random sampling will be done where the patient population will be dividing into sections like age, gender, health condition, and then a random sample will be selected from each of these components (Setia, 2016). This will provide a truly random sample for the patient population.
Ensuring a High Standard of Reliability and Validity
In order to ensure validity and reliability, it will be ensured that the questions asked precisely represent patient experience during care (validity) and this aspect will be measured consistently to ensure reliability (Leung, 2015). Therefore, in this survey, the validity will be ensured by measuring patient experience, and not the perspective of the clinician. This will provide an accurate perspective of the patients’ experiences and hence provide an accurate picture of the patients’ satisfaction level. Patient satisfaction will also be measured over time in order to ensure consistency of the survey outcomes (Leung, 2015).
Al-Abri R & Amina A. (2014). Patient Satisfaction Survey as a Tool towards Quality Improvement. Oman Med J. 29(1), 3–7.
Beattie M, Murphy D, Iain A & Lauder W. (2015). Instruments to measure patient experience of healthcare quality in hospitals: a systematic review. Syst Rev. 4(97).
Leung L. (2015). Validity, reliability, and generalizability in qualitative research. J Family Med Prim Care. 4(3), 324–327.
Martínez-Mesa, David G, Duquia R, Renan R & Bastos. (2016). Sampling: how to select participants in my research study? A Bras Dermatology. 91(3), 326–330.
Spasojevic N, Boris H & Senad H. (2015). Patient’s Satisfaction with Health Care: a Questionnaire Study of Different Aspects of Care. Mater Sociomed. 27(4), 220–224.
Setia M. (2016). Methodology Series Module 5: Sampling Strategies. Indian J Dermatology. 61(5), 505–509. Planning for Data Collection Essay Paper